Similarities & differences between of energy communities
A legal entity
The exact legal form of energy communities is left to the Member States. Citizen initiatives that do not have the form of a legal entity therefore do not qualify as an energy community.
Based on voluntary and open participation
This distinguishes energy communities from certain other community forms, such as certain public-private partnerships.
aimed at providing environmental, economic or social community benefits to its members or to the local areas where they operate.
There are also differences between these two energy communities
The most striking difference is that renewable energy communities focus specifically on generating, using and trading renewable energy, while citizen energy communities do not have to focus exclusively on renewable energy. In addition, the so-called ‘proximity principle’ is important for renewable energy communities. They must be controlled by shareholders or members located in the vicinity of the renewable energy project. The concept of ‘proximity’ must be further defined by the Member States themselves. The proximity principle therefore does not apply to energy communities of citizens.